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Cholesterol Specialist

MM Jersey City Breathing Center

Internal Medicine & Pulmonology located in Jersey City, NJ

Around 40% of all American adults suffer from high cholesterol and many of them don’t know they have it until they develop a serious health condition. High cholesterol increases your chances of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and many more life-threatening complications. At MM Jersey City Breathing Center, the team can provide the right diagnostic tests and treatments to get your cholesterol back under control. To get tested or learn more about how to manage your cholesterol, call one of the three convenient locations in Jersey City, New Jersey, today.

Cholesterol Q & A

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance that your body uses to make new cells. Your liver makes cholesterol, and your body also gets it from certain foods, like meat and dairy products. 

Your body needs cholesterol to build cells, make hormones, and digest food, but too much cholesterol in your blood can lead to a buildup of excess cholesterol deposits on the insides of your arteries. This is a condition known as high cholesterol. 

Over time, the cholesterol deposits in your arteries become bigger and start to block the blood vessel. This makes it more difficult for blood to flow through your narrowed arteries and can also result in clots that, in turn, can cause a heart attack or stroke.

What causes high cholesterol?

The amount of cholesterol your body produces is enough for it to function and it’s important to monitor your intake of dietary cholesterol. However, poor diet, irregular to nonexistent exercise, excessive weight, and unmanaged stress can all contribute to high cholesterol.

How do you diagnose high cholesterol?

High cholesterol has no physical symptoms and can only be detected by a blood test that measures your:

Cholesterol

A reading of 200mg/dl is considered a healthy cholesterol level. If your reading is between 200-239mg/dl, you’re at a high risk of developing high cholesterol and need to implement lifestyle changes immediately. 

If your reading is at 240mg/dl or above, you have high cholesterol and are at risk of developing further life-altering complications. 

High-density lipoproteins (HDL)

An optimal HDL level is 60mg/dl. A reading of less than 50mg/dl for women and less than 40mg/dl for men means you’re at high risk.

Low-density lipoproteins (LDL)

An ideal reading for LDL levels is less than 100 mg/dl. Anything between 130-159mg/dl is troubling and a reading above 160mg/dl puts you at high risk.

Triglycerides

A reading of 150mg/dl is ideal and anything above 200mg/dl is high.

If your reading is high, the team at MM Jersey City Breathing Center can provide various treatments to lower your cholesterol levels.

How do you treat high cholesterol?

High cholesterol is extremely manageable and some patients only require the right lifestyle changes to get their numbers under control. 

For more advanced cases, the team can prescribe medication. Some of your treatment options for high cholesterol include:

Dietary changes

One of the most effective ways to manage high cholesterol is through diet, making sure you avoid unhealthy fats, sugar, and other foods that raise the level of cholesterol in your blood.

Regular exercise

Just 30 minutes of daily exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your cholesterol levels.

Quitting smoking

Stopping smoking can help decrease high LDL and triglyceride levels.

Medication

If your cholesterol levels don’t respond to lifestyle changes, prescription medication like cholesterol absorption inhibitors limit or lower the amount of cholesterol in your blood. 

Other types of medications called fibrates can lower very-low-density (LDL) cholesterol, which contains high levels of triglycerides that are detrimental to your health.

To get your cholesterol checked, call the office to schedule an appointment at MM Jersey City Breathing Center.